Saturday, 13 June 2015 11:32
ANALYSIS OF LAND COVER CHANGES
IN DADIN KOWA, JOS NIGERIA ((1962-2005))
1Ache Stella Achuenu and 2Ijeoma G.U. Ayuba
1School of Architecture and planning, University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg
2Department of Urban and Regional Planning, University of Jos, Nigeria
Globally, landcover today is altered principally by direct human use resulting into incidental impacts. The paper analyzed land cover changes of Dadin Kowa, from 1962 to 2005. The method adoptedin this research is the use of Remote sensing and Geographical Information System techniques to evaluate land cover changes using sequential normal black and white aerial photographs for 1962(1:9,000), 1971(1:10,000), 1991(1:6,000) and 2005 satellite imagery of 0.6m Quick Bird resolution. Landcover were identified, interpreted, digitized and classification scheme developed. Each landcover area, their magnitude, rates of change was calculated. The absolute measure technique of percentages was employed in the analysis of data collected. Results revealed that between 1962 to 2005 there was an overwhelming increase in built-up area from 14.02ha or 01.66% in 1971 to 195.83ha or 23.21% in 1991 and to an increase of 413.23ha in 2005, at the expense of agricultural area showing a strong lateral expansion of urban areas at the expense of agricultural land use, vegetation cover and rock outcrops. Results from Pearson Moment Product Correlation Statistics showed that there was no correlation between the size of each land cover and the rate of change between 1962-1971 and 1971-1991. It was also established that there was correlation between the size of each landcover and the rate of change between 1991 and 2005. It was concluded that Changes were due to the increased population mobility, urban expansion, socio economic activities and security challenges. It was therefore, recommended that town planners should monitor development activities within Dadin Kowa so as to make it a better place to live and work in, as a fast growing settlement among others.
Key words; Land Cover Change, GIS, Remote Sensing, Urban Sprawl
Wednesday, 20 August 2014 16:17
ARCHETYPAL REPRESENTATION OF FACTORS AGAINST THE SPIRIT OF “ỌMỌLÚÀB́Í”IN SELECTED CONTEMPORARY YORÙBÁ WRITTEN PLAYS
Ògúnlọ̣lá Ọmọlayọ̀ Dúrótadé
Department of Linguistics and Nigerian Languages
University of Ìlọrin,
Ìlọrin, Kwara State.
The spirit of good character (omolúàbí), despite being a panacea for societal development, is fast eluding the Nigerian society in general and the Yorùbá society in particular. Despite the efforts being made by Yorùbá literary writers towards rejuvenating the society’s morality, evidence abound that little or no changes are noticed in the peoples’ moral. The literary artists’ objectives are far from being achieved. The major objective of this paper is to analyse the major factors responsible for the society’s moral decadence level as portrayed by selected Yorùbá playwrights. Three Yorùbá written plays were examined. They are: Omotáyò and Ògúnníran’sAbínúeni (1997), Sàngótóyè’s Adákédájó (2007) and Ajíbóyè’s Èéfín Nìwà (2008).The methodology is descriptive and theprincipleof archetypal theory which links human behaviours with society’s myths was adopted. The theory believes that whatever behaviour one puts up, it is an archetype of somebody or something. Our findings reveal thatdemonic archetypes, the lion archetypes and the ‘id’ and ego personality are among the factors against the spirit of ‘omolúàbí’ in contemporary Yorùbá society.The paper is significant in the sense that it further exposes the weaknesses of our society especially in the area of their attitude to moral degeneration and moral decadence. The application of the archetypal theory to examine Yorùbá literary works has not been attempted by any scholar known to the writer. This makes the difference between this work and the existing ones.The paper concludes that the selected authors have demonstrated that the society sets and controls the peoples’ moral and unless this is strictly observed, the society cannot move forward.
Key words: Decadence, Literary, Archetypal, Degeneration
Wednesday, 20 August 2014 16:11
Refocusing Science and Technology Education for the Nigerian Society in the Global Economy
Caleb, E. E1 and Vincent, E O
Department of Vocational Education
Faculty of Education
University of Uyo.
The Nigerian government have over the years developed policies and instruments intended to bring about technological transfer and transformation of the Nigerian manufacturing and industrial sector and encourage local resource utilization. These policies have failed partly because focus was not given to applied research and development and because the national education policies have generally shown little or no concern for appropriate Nigerian culturally based science and technology education programme. The issues were discussed under the following subheadings: possible causes of failed policies; historical background of science and technology and possible solutions to failing policies by refocusing science and technology education for the Nigerian society of the 21st century. It was concluded that science and technology education institutions must acknowledge the reality that the information age necessitates and contrive a confrontation mechanism that will guarantee the trainees skills move in the direction and nature of employment in a changing world of work. It was recommended that there is need to evolve a well balanced course of study that takes into consideration African heritage of functional education and skills, such that the recipient will be able to tackle their problems of life with confidence.
KEYWORDS- Technology Education, Functional Education, Mechanism, Phenomenon
Wednesday, 20 August 2014 15:27
THE ABUSE OF SELECTED TOURIST ATTRACTIONS IN PLATEAU STATE
1 T. K. GONTUL, 2 T. O. IIRMDU AND 3 S. J. FADA
1,2,3 Department of Geography and Planning, University of Jos, P.M.B 2084, Plateau state. Nigeria.
The study explores how the vast spectacular natural tourist attractions found in Plateau state are being abused. The research methodology used is literature search, face to face oral interview and direct field observation. Data collected were analysed using the descriptive statistical technique. From the list of the tourist attractions of the state, the researchers identified and purposely sampled some attractions for the survey. Findings show that only few of the natural tourist attractions of Plateau state have been designated as protected resources and are under management control. Most attractions are however yet to be designated as protected resources and are thus not under any management control. Unfortunately, both the designated protected and the unprotected resources have all come under serious anti-conservation acts such as illegal farming, illegal grazing, poaching, wood and fuel extraction (logging), quarrying, indiscriminate inscription, waste dumping, bush burning, and mining activities. Most of the abuses come from the local communities around the attractions. These local communities gave reasons for their irrational exploitation of tourism resources to include non compensation, non involvement, non benefit and non alternative sources of livelihood. The way forward as advocated by the researchers is to fully address these issues raised by the local communities. The local communities will then be mobilized to be in the fore front of protecting and conserving these attractions for sustainable tourism.
KEYWORDS: Abuse, selected, tourist attractions, protection and conservation.
Wednesday, 20 August 2014 15:13
EFFECTS OF LABORATORY MATERIALS IN SOME SECONDARY SCHOOLS WITHIN KANO METROPOLIS, NIGERIA
Department of Biological Sciences JSCOE, Gumel, Nigeria
The work was carried out by considering three schools in Kano metropolis. Questionnaires were administered to the biology teachers in the selected schools. In the questionnaire, about eleven questions were written consisting of different parts. The data obtained were used to explain using tables of scores. The responses collected from different schools are presented in a tabular form and graded accordingly. The tables are I,II,III, and Iva, IVb. A total of three schools were used and they were represented as school I, school II, and school III. Analysis of selected apparatus, chemical and services available in the schools were made.
Wednesday, 20 August 2014 15:07
EFFECT OF DIFFERENT SOURCES OF MATERIALS ON COMPOST AND ITS USE AS SOIL AMENDMENT IN OKRA CULTIVATION
*O.A. Babalola and **M.O. Adigun
*Department of Soil Science and Land Management, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria
**Department of Crop Production, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ago-Iwoye, Ogun State. Nigeria
The aim of this study was to look at the efficiency of compost made from three sources of animal manure and its effects on okra cultivation. The green house experiment was carried out at University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria. The experimental design used was completely Randomized Design (CRD) with four replicates. Four different types of composts were applied at the same rate.
The result of the chemical analysis of the composts revealed that the composts are best in the order: Swine compost > Poultry compost > Cow compost > Mixed compost. The nutrient uptake of the Okra revealed that the swine compost treatment is most significantly different from others.
The compost generally improved the growth rate of the okra compared to the control. The soil showed an increase in its organic matter content after the application of the compost.
Keywords: Compost ,Okro, Organic Mulches, Oxidic, Kaolinite.