PARENTAL BACKGROUND AND PEER GROUP INFLUENCE ON STUDENTS’ ATTITUDE TOWARDS CREATIVE ART IN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN PORT HARCOURT METROPOLIS.
Charles G. T. Omuaru
Department of Fine and Applied Arts
Ignatius Ajuru University of Education, Rumuolumeni,
P. M. B. 5047, Port Harcourt.
Parental guidance and peer grouping plays important role in child development and education, especially in creative art in the secondary schools; however, in certain respects this has continued to generate challenges. Poor attitude of students towards creative arts is a perennial problem that has, for decades, negate the overall acceptance of the creative art as a subject of learning in the schools, designed to train people for small scale businesses and support for the industries. The study is designed to study the influence of Parental background on students and examine influence of Peer group on students’ attitude towards Creative arts in Junior Secondary Schools in Port Harcourt Metropolis. A number of theories have been reviewed on the study, and in conclusion, the need for the study of students’ attitude towards Creative art is established. For in-depth investigations, two research questions and two hypotheses were developed to direct the research. Survey design was used, this was adopted because it seeks to examine the attitude of small representation to draw inference at the overall population. Port Harcourt, the research area was divided into five strata; 3 schools of close affinity formed one stratum. A researcher developed instrument named SATCASQ (Students’ Attitude towards Creative Art Studies Questionnaire) was used to generate data from randomly selected sample size of 300 students, out of 5,500 students’ population from 15 schools in the Metropolis. A 60% response was recorded from the structured questionnaire sent out, which was committed to data analyses. The data were analysed with Chi-square statistic to determine the influence on the variables. The data analyses clearly showed that there is a high degree of influence of culture and societal influence on students’ attitude towards Creative art in junior secondary schools in Port Harcourt metropolis. Therefore, the null hypotheses are rejected and the alternative hypotheses are retained.
Keywords: Creative art, Parental and Peer group influence, Students’ attitude.