COMPLIANCE WITH DIET AND ACTIVITY REGIMEN AMONG PATIENTS LIVING WITH DIABETES MELLITUS.
*1Dathini H., 2Kever R.T., 3Habu H. 4Dawa K.K.. 5Lola N., 6Tumba M.
*1,2,3,4,5Department of Nursing Science, University of Maiduguri, Borno State.
6Dr Gwamna Awan Memorial Hospital, Kakuri
Compliance with therapeutic regimen has been a longstanding concern since decades ago. This study was carried out to assess diabetic patients’ knowledge on the importance of diet and exercise in the management of diabetes mellitus among patient attending university of Maiduguri teaching hospital, explore diabetic patients’ level of compliance with diet and exercise regimens, identify factors responsible for compliance with diet and exercise regimens among diabetic patients and to assess the relationship between diabetic and their patients prescribers in the university of Maiduguri teaching hospital. The study was conducted using descriptive design. Systematic random sampling technique was used to select 120 participants from diabetics’ clinic of University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital. Self structured questionnaire was used in collecting data for the study. Data collected were analyzed using simple frequency and percentages and were presented on tables. Two hypotheses were formulated to determine the relationship between gender and compliance to physical activity; duration of illness and knowledge of respondent on dietary regimen using chi square at 5% level of significant. Findings of the study revealed that (61.7%) of the participants have good knowledge about the importance of diet and exercise in management of diabetes, despite good knowledge; participant only partly complied with their regimen. The finding also revealed that, major factors found to influence their compliance include cost of diabetic diet (93.3%) and waiting time in the clinic (88.3%). Result from the hypotheses tested revealed that there was no significant association between gender and compliance to physical activity; duration of illness and knowledge of respondent on dietary regimen .The study then concludes that despite good knowledge, compliance with diet and exercise regimen is still not adequate among diabetic patients. Health care providers should therefore embark on an intensive health education on the importance of compliance.
Key Words: Diabetes, Diet, Activity, Regimen.