PHYTOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES AND EFFECT OF AQUEOUS EXTRACT OF JATROPHA CAUCUS ROOT BARK ONSOME LABORATORY BACTERIAL ISOLATES
Mohammed S Auwal1*, Umar Kyari Sandabe1, Fatima Abba Lawan2,Ismaila Alh Mairiga3,Muhammad Mustapha3, Abdullahi Shuaibu4,Kyari Abba Sanda 1
1Department of Veterinary Physiology, Pharmacology and Biochemistry, University of Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria.
2Department of Veterinary Microbiology and Parasitology, University of Maiduguri, Borno State Nigeria.
3Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Maiduguri, Borno State Nigeria.
4Department of Human Anatomy, College of Medical Sciences, University of Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria.
Phytochemical properties and effect of aqueous extract of Jatropha caucus root bark some bacteria isolates was investigated. The root bark extract revealed the presence of carbohydrates, alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins, cardiac glycosides and Terpenes / steroids. The extract applied in graded concentrations of 200, 400 and 600 mg / ml inhibited the multiplication of Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes, Bacillus subtilis, Corynebacterium pyogenes, Candida albican, Pseudomonas aeroginosa, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Salmonella typhi, Escherichia coli and Proteus mirabilis. Conclusively the root bark extract of this plant has exhibited good antibacterial activity especially on organisms such as Bacillus subtilis, Candida albicans, Streptococcus pyogenes, Proteus spp, Escherichia coli and Salmonella typhi that are incriminated in causing diseases such as anthrax, reproductive tract infection, skin infection and various gastrointestinal disorders.
Keywords: Jatropha Curcas, Phytochemical Properties, in Vitro Antibacterial Activity, Aqueous Root Bark Extract.