Monday, 13 January 2014 14:41
1*Ojo, N.A.,3Sodipo, O. A., 1Ngulde, S. I. 1Simon, J.,1Adawaren, E. O., 1Yahi, D.,
1Madziga, H. A.,1Telta, A. D.,1Dibila, H. M., Ndahi, J.J4. and 2Mbaya, Y. P.
1Department of Veterinary Physiology, Pharmacology and Biochemistry
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria.
2 Department of Animal Science and Range Management
School of Agriculture and Agricultural Technology
Modibbo Adama University of Technology, Yola, Adamawa State, Nigeria
3Department of Clinical Pharmacology,
Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Maiduguri,
Borno State, Nigeria
4 Department of Veterinary Microbiology and Parasitology
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria.
Traditional medicine is the ancient and culture bound medical practice which existed before the
application of modern science to health. It is still popular today despite the giant strides in
science, technology and modern health. This paper reviews the role of traditional medicine in
modern health with emphasis on the local formulation, consumption, challenges and economy of
traditional medicine in Nigeria. References were drawn mostly from Africa but also include
those from other parts of the world. It was concluded that traditional medicine was contributing
positively to the improvement of health and economy of the country. There is the need for more
commitment on the side of government for integration of traditional medicine into the main
streamline of health care delivery system in the country.
Key Words: traditional medicine, Nigeria, modern health, economy
Monday, 13 January 2014 14:30
1 Jibrin, A. D. 2 Chukwumati John
Horticultural Technology Department, Federal College of Horticulture P.M.B. 108
Dadin- kowa, Gombe State. 2 Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture
University of Port Harcourt, Rivers State
Field experiment was conducted during the 2011 rainy season at the
demonstration farm of Federal College of Horticulture, Dadin-kowa, to evaluate the
influence of variety and poultry manure on the growth and yield of sesame. The treatment
consisted of two sesame varieties (Farar- ridi and E8) and four levels of poultry manure
(0, 5, 7.5 and 10t/ha) arranged in a randomized complete block design with four
replications. Results showed that variety significantly increased plant height and number
of leaves at 6, 8 and 12 weeks after sowing (WAS), 1000 seed weight and seed yield per
hectare. Variety E8 produced the highest values of these parameters. Poultry manure
levels significantly increased plant height and number of leaves at 4,8 and 12 WAS,
number of branches at 8 and 12 WAS, 1000 seed weight and seed yield per hectare.
Poultry manure at 7.5 t/ha produced the highest value in the parameters stated above.
Interaction was significant in plant height at 12 WAS and seed yield. Therefore, variety
E8 and poultry manure at 7.5t/ha gave higher value in all the parameters studied.
Further study is hereby suggested to validate the effect of variety and poultry manure on
sesame production in the study area.
Keywords: Growth, Poultry manure, Sesame, Variety, Yield.
Monday, 13 January 2014 13:28
(1)GODWIN UMOREN AKPAN(2) MOHAMMED ILIYASU
Department of Soil Science, University of Uyo, P.M.B. 1017, Uyo
(2)Department of Soil Science University of Calabar
P.M.B. 1115, Calabar
Corrosion is a leading cause of pipeline failure in the oil and gas industries because of the
activities microbial populations. The aim of the study was to assess fungal diversity
associated with corrosive biofilms of oil pipelines in two sites (Warri in Delta and Oshie in
Rivers States) within the Niger Delta region of Nigeria. Coupons were inserted into the inner
surfaces of the pipelines (9’’, 10’’, 18’’ and 24’’ diameter) through the access valves for a
period of 127 days. The coupons were detached from the inner surfaces of the pipelines at the
end of 127 days and biofilm formed on the surfaces of each coupon were scraped with sterile
razor blades and collected into sterile bottles containing 5 ml phosphate-buffered saline at
pH 7 and taken to the laboratory for the cultivation fungi. The results from Rivers State (site
1) showed the following fungal species: Verticillum dahlae, Botrytis cineriae, Penicillium
corylophilum, Humicola grisae, Aureobasidium pullulans, Monilia balanitis, Hormoconis
resinae, Sacchanomyces cerevisae, Aspergillus fumigatus, Fusarium semitectum, Bactridium
sp and Eurotium repens. The results revealed a Sorenson’s coefficient (cc) of 0.60, indicating
that fungal communities in site 1 and 2 have a bit of overlap or similarity. The results further
showed that diversity and evenness in site 2 are much higher than in site 1. Fungal
populations in sites 2 are not only higher in the number of species present, but the individuals
in the community are distributed equitably among these species. This shows that pipelines
located in site 1 (Delta State) are likely to be severely corroded than site 2 (River State).
Microbial communities in biofilms developed on surfaces of metals in natural environments
are heterogeneous and there is significant uncert ainty concerning how many of these
organisms contribute to corrosion of metals. Therefore, the thorough knowledge of microbial
species inhabiting biofilms of oil pipelines will give effective means of detecting, monitoring
and control of corrosion of oil pipelines; this will significantly reduce pollution of
agricultural lands and the environment by oil spillages in the Niger Delta.
Keyword: Fungal diversity, biofilms, corroded oil pipelines
Monday, 13 January 2014 13:03
(1) Gbarabe, Roland2Daye,Barango Owuna (3). Etukudoh, Ndarake E.
1,2Department of Biological Sciences, Rivers State College of Arts and Sciences,
Rumuola Port Harcourt, Nigeria
3Rivers State University of Technology, P.M.B 5080, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria
arious factors are responsible for the spoilage of stored Mucuna sloanei Seed and other
Agricultural produce. The most relevant ones are fungal diseases. Thus, this present
Investigation was under taken to determine the effects of environmental relative humidity on
the pathogenicity of M. sloanei by the seed and the soil borne fungi. Pathogenic fungi
(Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus niger, Penicilliums scherotigeilum and Botryodiplodia
theobromae) were isolated from the infested M. sloanei seed and from the soil and
inoculated into M. sloanei for the experiment.The inoculated seeds were kept in Relative
Humidity (10, 20, 40, 60 80 and 100%) chambers (exposed to light and in darkness for 21
days then examined for rot, appearance and for feel. Results indicated that seed borne fungi
were more pathogenic as compared to soil isolates. Aspergillus specie was more pathogenic
in all the treatment options as compared to other organisms. The results also indicated that
exposing the inoculated seeds to lower and higher relative humidity in the dark did not
significantly increased the pathogenicity rate in all treatment options. Correlation studies
indicated positive relationship between relative humidity and fungal pathogenicity with the
highest (0.96) recorded in M. sloani seed inoculated with seed borne A. flavus exposed to
Keys words: Pathogens, Pathogenicity, Inoculation, Humidity, Coefficient, Correlation,
Leguminous, Infestation, Mitotic.
Monday, 13 January 2014 12:57
G. S. EFFIONG and T. O. IBIA
Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture
University of Uyo, Bag10l7, Uyo, Nigeria
Five soil extractants: Bray P-1 (BPI), Mehlich III (M3), Mehlich I(M1), Modified Morgan
(MM) and Morgan (MG), were evaluated for available phosphorus (P) in soil formed on
coastal plain sands (CPS) parent material in Southeastern Nigeria. Total P was also
fractionated to determine its chemical forms in the soil. Results of the study showed that
extractable P concentrations varied in the order: BPI > M3 > MM > M1 > MG, indicating
that BPI was the most and MG the least suitable extractant for estimating P availability to
plants in the studied soil. All the extractants except MG, removed P concentrations which
were above the critical value (15mg kg-1) established for southeast zone of Nigeria, implying
that the soil was rich in P and any recommendations for fertilizers P would be for
maintenance of adequate soil P or to provide a starter effect. Total and organic P contents
were low compared to values obtained by other workers. The distribution and relative
abundance of active inorganic forms of P, plant available forms, varied in the order: iron-
bound P (Fe-P) > aluminium –P (Al – P) > Calcium – P (Ca – P).
Keywords: Soil extractants, Coastal Plain Sands, Phosphorus, Shifting.
Monday, 13 January 2014 12:51
1CHUKUNDA, F. A, AND 2EMIRI, U.N.
1Department of Forestry & Environment
Rivers State University Science and Technology, Port Harcourt.
2Bayelsa State College of Education, Education, Okpoma, Brass Island
The effects of burning, intercropping and dry grass mulching on the performance of two
cocoyam (tannia) cultivars were investigated. The study indicated that burning reduced the
fresh weights of leaves of cocoyams irrespective of the cultivar while increasing the number
of cormels per corm but reduced corms/cormel weight. However, the frequency of root and
corm rot (cocoyam decline disease) was least in burnt than in unburnt plots irrespective of
the cultivar. In all the cultivars (“Eduhie” and Edeocha) studied, cocoyam sole-crops had
the least frequency of occurrences of the disease than the intercropped plants. The disease
was not recorded in sole crops mulched with 10 tonnes/ha for all the cultivars.
Recommendations based on this research and the findings of other workers on burning,
intercropping and grass mulching are made.
Keywords: Inter-Cropping, Cultivars, Cocoyam Declined Disease (CDD), Post-Harvest,
Monday, 13 January 2014 12:48
Antiabong O. Ekong, Aniefiok S. Akpan and Ngozi G. Ubah
Department of Vocational Education
University of Uyo
P. M. B. 1017, Uyo
Akwa Ibom State- Nigeria
This study assessed the influence reward system on attrition tendencyof Agriculture teachers in Akwa Ibom State. Two research questions and two hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. The entire population of 316 serving Agriculture teachers were purposively used for the study. A two sectioned–11-items structured questionnaire was developed and used for data collection. Data were analyzed using mean for the research questions and t-test for testing the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The findings revealed that job security ensure stability of agriculture teachers in the teaching profession while regular payment of salary promotes collaborative self-help and interest in the management of scare resources among Agriculture teachers. The result of hypothesis testing showed a significant difference in the mean responses of male and female Agriculture teachers on the influence of job security on attrition tendency. The result of hypothesis two showed no significant difference in the responses of NCE holders and graduates Agriculture teachers on the influence of regular payment of salary on their attrition tendency. It was recommended that the reward system for teachers should be improved to attract qualified and competent individuals to the system and teachers’ job security should not be threatened through incessant queries by principals and supervisors of schools.
Monday, 13 January 2014 12:16
DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS EDUCATION FEDERAL COLLEGE OF
EDUCATION, YOLA ADAMAWA STATE.
This paper focuses on the role of business Education towards national security. Business education is a domain that educate and train individual to acquire skills, attitudes and knowledge to become self reliant. If well taught in our schools the tendency of violent, youth unemployment and unrest, poverty and thuggery will be a thing of the past. Thus leading to peaceful society. With National Policy on Education empowering on these roles, Business education has the capacity to delivered Nigeria into a committee of developed nations in the nearest future.
Key word: Business Education, National Security.
Monday, 13 January 2014 10:41
1John A. U. Uka(2) Vincent E. Onweh (3) Peter J. Udoessiet
Department of Technical Education,
Rivers State University of Education
Rumuolumeni, Port Harcourt, Rivers State.
(2,3) Department of Vocational Education
University of Uyo, Uyo, Akwa Ibom State.
The curriculum is the prime mover to achieve students’ skills acquisition. It is always in tandem with the dynamics and societal changes. Skills acquisition of employable skills for self-reliance have received increasing attention in the recent past in Nigerian Educational Policy. An important ingredient for success in the on-going efforts by the government at alleviating poverty, minimizing corruption, attaining food security, achieving uninterrupted electric power supply, reducing unemployment of youths and keeping pace with the dynamics of societal changes and emerging technologies, is the effective delivery of qualitative technical and vocational education courses. This paper highlights constructivism in instructional delivery as what most present-day technical teachers should adopt: a framework in which the role of the teacher becomes that of a facilitator. The paper posits the need to strengthen the vocational education curriculum, adequately supply of instructional materials and the motivate the teacher who is at the centre stage of all the activities in skills acquisition. Some recommendations to government were also made.
Keywords: Dynamics, Societal, Changes, Curriculum, Vocational skills Acquisition
Monday, 13 January 2014 10:30
Bakare Waheed Ademola and Babajo Hapsatu
Department of Agricultural Education
School of vocation education
Federal College of Education, Yola
This paper identified sustainable Agricultural Education as a key to National Security, by looking at roles of agricultural education which include preparing graduates with right professional competence in vocational skills, producing teachers who will be capable of motivating students to acquire interest in agriculture, equipping the students teachers with adequate knowledge and ability to establish and manage a model school farm effectively and providing a sound background to enhance further academic and professional progression of the students-teachers. All these are aimed at providing enabling ground in eradicating ignorance, poverty and sustainable food security for the country. Recommendations are made on how to achieve this laudable agriculture for selfreliance, so that Nigeria will soon be among the committee of developed Nations with peaceful society.
Keywords; Sustainable, Security, Agriculture, Vocational, Global, Reliant, Egalitarian,Harmony