HOW INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY SHAPES GOVERNMENT-PUBLIC RELATIONS: EKITI STATE AS A CASE STUDY.

1)Aborisade Philip. Olubunmi and 2)Bamisaye Femi Kehinde,

1)Department of Media and Communication,

Afe Babalola University, Ado Ekiti.

2)National Open University of Nigeria, Lagos Nigeria

 

Abstract

Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) have always played a vital role in every aspect of governmental activities. The government and general public using public relation effectively has gotten a boost. This article reports a recent study on how information and communication technology shapes government-public relations in Ekiti State for the period of four years administration of the Dr. John KayodeFayemi-led administration in Ekiti State, Nigeria from 2010 to 2014.The research used qualitative method to provide answers to the research questions. This involves Interviews conducted among the indigenes of Ekiti State in the sixteen local government areas of the state, government officials involved in government-public relations such as Information officers in different ministries, permanent secretaries, and politicians in the major political parties in the state and information technology experts. Five Ekiti citizens were randomly selected and interviewed from each of the sixteen local government areas totaling eighty people in all. Five Information officers and five permanent secretaries were interviewed while five technology experts and five internet users in the state were interviewed. So, two hundred people were interviewed in all while secondary sources also provided data to answer the research questions. This research reveals that though government fully utilized information and communication technology to reach out to the people, some citizens were alienated, particularly those who have no access to modern technology such as the internet and the new media modalities such as facebook, twitter etc. This research also points out the need for government to increase awareness among the people at the grassroots to embrace information and communication technology. It also urges the Public Relations (PR) practitioners to employ the use of technology in Public Relations Practice.

Key Words: Information, Communication, Technology, Government-Public Relations, Media Modalities, Modern Technology.

STAFF TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENTAL NEEDS OF ACCOUNTING PERSONNEL IN AN ESTABLISHMENT

 1)Sarabi Joe Jerry2) Grace Emmanuel

1) Department of Accounting, Intercontinental University (ICU), Porto-Novo, West Africa

2) Department of Accounts, University of Calabar, Teaching Hospital, Cross Rivers State, Nigeria, West Africa

 

 

Abstract

Training concerned with the performance and the application of skills and knowledge. It is a primary instrument for sustaining and improving the capacities of employees to contribute to organizational growth. The issue of the staff training and developmental needs has actually been given little or no attention, thought and consideration by both practitioners and theorists. This paper aimed to bring to focus why methods of teaching in institutions of learning should be geared toward accounting practices in firm orthe needs for training or retraining of accounting personnel staff. This is because accounting methods thought in schools may not be the practices in firms and establishments. A total of 50 questionnaires containing 24 research questions were made; 25 each were distributed to accounting personnel in the Intercontinental University Porto-Novo and University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, all in West Africa. Eighty percent (40) of the questionnaires were returned and correctly filled. Statistical methods used to analyze the data were the mean and chi-square. Results revealed that greater height in any establishment can be achieved through staff training and retraining. Thus, it is recommended that accounting personnel training be emphasized so as to ensure proper utilization of skills.

Key Word: Personnel, Utilization, Retraining, Skills, Hypothesis.

REVIEWED ARTICLE

VOCATIONAL AND TECHNICAL EDUCATION AS A SPRINGBOARD TO NIGERIA’S DEVELOPMENTAL NEEDS

 

Sharafadeen Iyanda Ganiyu

Business Education Department,

 School of Vocational Education,

Federal College of Education Yola, Adamawa State.

Abstract

Vocational and Technical Education is the type of education that aimed to provide skilled manpower in applied sciences, engineering technology, commerce and agriculture to operate, maintain and sustain the nation’s education and economic activities for rapid socio-economic development. Although, the National Policy on Education (NPE) placed great emphasis on Vocational and Technical Education (VTE) and entrenched it in the nation’s education system in view of its role in technical and industrial development of the country, yet only a little is achieved in this vital aspect of education. It is in the light of this that this paper examines the relevance of VTE to Nigerian education development, the prospects and problems of VTE in Nigeria as well as viable suggestions towards the development of VTE to solve developmental crises in Nigeria and achieve overall national development.

Key words: Vocational, Technical Education and Developmental Needs

VOCATIONAL EDUCATION STUDENTS’ PERCEPTION OF THE RELEVANCE OF PHYSICS IN VOCATIONAL EDUCATION

 

1Akpan, E. S., 2Ikpe S. A., 3Oton, M. A. and 4Umoren, F. A.

1Department Of Physics, 2Department Of Technical Education,

3Home Economics Department, 1,2,3 College Of Education, Afaha Nsit, Akwa Ibom State

4      Department of Physics, Federal College of Education (Technical), Bichi, Kano.

 

Abstract

Physics is usually perceived to be difficult because of its abstract nature. Many students would be glad to drop the subject at the earliest possible time. When students however discover they have to study Physics as one of the courses at the tertiary level, they are faced with a challenging task. This task may be perceived in several ways. Their perception can influence their attitude towards Physics thereby affecting their ability to apply the knowledge of the subject in their fields of endeavour. A structured questionnaire ‘Vocational Education Students Perception of Physics Questionnaire (VESPPQ)’ was used to obtained data from Vocational Education Students for two consecutive years (2011 & 2012) in the Departments of Technical Education, Agricultural Education and Home Economics Education of Federal College of Education (Technical) Bichi and College of Education, Afaha Nsit in Nigeria. The population of the study consisted of 1060 students of Schools of Vocational and Technical Education of the Colleges with 400 selected by stratified random sampling to form the sample.  The Analysis of Variance was used for hypotheses one and two while the chi square analysis was used for hypothesis three. The study revealed that course of study influenced significantly the perception of Vocational Education of the relevance of Physics to their course areas; and that year of study and course of study do not jointly influence vocational education students’ perception of the relevance of Physics in their curriculum. The study recommends that the relevance of Physics in the different Vocational courses should form part of Physics curriculum for those courses and that application of Physics to certain aspects of Agriculture, Home Economics and Technical Education should be part of the examination questions so that their understanding of the relevance of Physics to Vocational Education can be boosted.

Key Words:  ‘Vocational Education, Perception, Acquisition, Relevance of Physics, Attitude.

HOW INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY SHAPES GOVERNMENT-PUBLIC RELATIONS: EKITI STATE AS A CASE STUDY.

1)Aborisade Philip. Olubunmi and 2)Bamisaye Femi Kehinde,

1)Department of Media and Communication,

Afe Babalola University, Ado Ekiti.

2)National Open University of Nigeria, Lagos Nigeria

 

Abstract

Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) have always played a vital role in every aspect of governmental activities. The government and general public using public relation effectively has gotten a boost. This article reports a recent study on how information and communication technology shapes government-public relations in Ekiti State for the period of four years administration of the Dr. John Kayode Fayemi-led administration in Ekiti State, Nigeria from 2010 to 2014.The research used qualitative method to provide answers to the research questions. This involves Interviews conducted among the indigenes of Ekiti State in the sixteen local government areas of the state, government officials involved in government-public relations such as Information officers in different ministries, permanent secretaries, and politicians in the major political parties in the state and information technology experts. Five Ekiti citizens were randomly selected and interviewed from each of the sixteen local government areas totaling eighty people in all. Five Information officers and five permanent secretaries were interviewed while five technology experts and five internet users in the state were interviewed. So, two hundred people were interviewed in all while secondary sources also provided data to answer the research questions. This research reveals that though government fully utilized information and communication technology to reach out to the people, some citizens were alienated, particularly those who have no access to modern technology such as the internet and the new media modalities such as facebook, twitter etc. This research also points out the need for government to increase awareness among the people at the grassroots to embrace information and communication technology. It also urges the Public Relations (PR) practitioners to employ the use of technology in Public Relations Practice.

Key Words: Information, Communication, Technology, Government-Public Relations, Media Modalities, Modern Technology.

STAFF TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENTAL NEEDS OF ACCOUNTING PERSONNEL IN AN ESTABLISHMENT

1) Sarabi Joe Jerry 2) Grace Emmanuel

1) Department of Accounting, Intercontinental University (ICU), Porto-Novo, West Africa

2) Department of Accounts, University of Calabar, Teaching Hospital, Cross Rivers State, Nigeria, West Africa

Abstract

Training concerned with the performance and the application of skills and knowledge. It is a primary instrument for sustaining and improving the capacities of employees to contribute to organizational growth. The issue of the staff training and developmental needs has actually been given little or no attention, thought and consideration by both practitioners and theorists. This paper aimed to bring to focus why methods of teaching in institutions of learning should be geared toward accounting practices in firm orthe needs for training or retraining of accounting personnel staff. This is because accounting methods thought in schools may not be the practices in firms and establishments. A total of 50 questionnaires containing 24 research questions were made; 25 each were distributed to accounting personnel in the Intercontinental University Porto-Novo and University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, all in West Africa. Eighty percent (40) of the questionnaires were returned and correctly filled. Statistical methods used to analyze the data were the mean and chi-square. Results revealed that greater height in any establishment can be achieved through staff training and retraining. Thus, it is recommended that accounting personnel training be emphasized so as to ensure proper utilization of skills.

Key Word: Personnel, Utilization, Retraining, Skills, Hypothesis.

ACUTE TOXICITY AND EFFECTS OF METHALONIC EXTRACT OF MORINGA OLEIFERA YOUNG PODS ONSOME HAEMATOLOGICAL PARAMETERS IN RATS

YAHI, D1., OKUNRINTEMI, S. O1.,*OJO , N. A1., SAMBO, N2.,MADZIGA, H. A1., MBAYA, Y.P1., NNENNAYA, C. C.4AND BALOGUN, S.T3.

 1Department of Veterinary Physiology, Pharmacology and Biochemistry

Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria

2 Department of Human Physiology, College of Medical Sciences, University of Maiduguri,

Borno State, Nigeria

3Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, College of Medical Sciences,

University of Maiduguri,Borno State, Nigeria

4Department of Pharmaceutical and Medicinal Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Port

Harcourt. River State, Nigeria

Abstract

Methanolic extract of Moringa oleifera pods was investigated for acute toxicity and effects on some haematological parameters in albino rats. Procedures as described by Lorke was used to evaluate the acute toxicity of the methanolic extract of Moringa oleifera young pods in twelve adult rats.Twenty adult rats of both sexes randomly divided into four groups A, B, C and D of five rats each were used for the haematological study. Group A served as control and the rats were giving distilled water while groups B, C and D  were given the extract orally at a   dose of 200 mg/kg, 400 mg/kg, 800 mg/kg respectively for three consecutive weeks and the blood samples were taken for determination of haematological parameters using standard methods as described by Coles. The extract was subjected to phytochemical and elemental screenings using standard methods. The phytochemical analysis of the extract showed the presence of tannins, flavonoids, carbohydrate, alkaloids, saponins and cardiac glycosides. The elemental analysis in Part Per Million (PPM) concentration showed 5.0 for calcium, 0.41 for potassium, 0.34 for copper, 0.31 for iron, 0.26 for fluorine, 0.12 for manganese, 0.16 for zinc, and 0.19 for nickel. The acute toxicity studies showed that the extract at 5000mg/kg did not produce death in the treated rats, indicating that the extract was well tolerated. Prolonged administration of the extract produced significant increase (P<0.05) in Red Blood Cells (RBC) and packed cell volume (PCV) values, and also significantly (P<0.05) increased production of white blood cells (WBC) throughout the three weeks of administration. In conclusion, the extract was found to have a wide safety margin and elevated haematological parameters in treated rats; hence could be used in the treatment of anaemia and immune deficiency.

Key Words: Acute Toxicity, Methanolicextract, Moringaoleifera, Young Pods, Haematological parameters, Rats

 

THE IMPACT OF AFFECTIVE TEACHING/LEARNING EXPERIENCES ON

TRAINEE TEACHERS’ COMMITMENT TO WORK

(1) Chris. Agwu and (2)Wonu, Nduka

 Department of Curriculum Studies and Educational Technology,

Faculty of Education, University of Port Harcourt,

 

Department of Mathematics/Statistics

Faculty of Natural and Applied Sciences, Ignatius Ajuru University of Education,

Port Harcourt, Nigeria.

 

Abstract

Educational objectives categorized into the cognitive, affective and psychomotor domains, have been accepted by the educational enterprise as a guide in the preparation of the “total man” for task performance. Though the Nigerian educational sector also has its share of the decadence, education still remains the instrumentality for societal change. But while the authorities in the educational sector can justify the component of worthiness in learning; the claim to “worthy in character” is somewhat doubtful. This study therefore compared the attitudinal work commitment ratings of teaching profession which is supposed to nurture and equip the young ones with appropriate attitudes for effective civil life and capabilities for task performance in the society. The work commitment ratings of the students were obtained through a 5 points Likert - scaled questionnaire. The ratings were collated and separated into the control and experimental groups. We had a total of 62 students in the control group while the experimental group numbered 23 students. The experimental group was the “Art of teaching” class of students assigned to the researcher. The control group comprised all the students that also took the Art of Teaching course and were posted to the same schools as the students in the experimental group for the teaching practice exercise, but did not receive affective learning experiences explicitly. The assessments were made daily for three weeks of the training programme and a total work commitment score was obtained for each trainee teacher within the range 21-105 points. Social sciences (SPSS) statistical method was used to analyze the data. Results indicated that measurable teaching of affective components of learning matter equips the trainee teachers with appropriate socio-psychological skills for effective task performance. It was also revealed that gender has no impact on the affective task performance rating of the trainee teacher. It is recommended that the affective factors of learning matter should be taught measurably alongside cognitive and psychomotor contents.

Keywords: Cognitive, Psychomotor, Domains, Socio-Psychological, Workplace, Commitment, ergonomic

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 STAFF TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENTAL NEEDS OF ACCOUNTING PERSONNEL IN AN ESTABLISHMENT

 1)Sarabi Joe Jerry2) Grace Emmanuel

1) Department of Accounting, Intercontinental University (ICU), Porto-Novo, West Africa

2) Department of Accounts, University of Calabar, Teaching Hospital, Cross Rivers State, Nigeria, West Africa

 

Abstract

Training concerned with the performance and the application of skills and knowledge. It is a primary instrument for sustaining and improving the capacities of employees to contribute to organizational growth. The issue of the staff training and developmental needs has actually been given little or no attention, thought and consideration by both practitioners and theorists. This paper aimed to bring to focus why methods of teaching in institutions of learning should be geared toward accounting practices in firm orthe needs for training or retraining of accounting personnel staff. This is because accounting methods thought in schools may not be the practices in firms and establishments. A total of 50 questionnaires containing 24 research questions were made; 25 each were distributed to accounting personnel in the Intercontinental University Porto-Novo and University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, all in West Africa. Eighty percent (40) of the questionnaires were returned and correctly filled. Statistical methods used to analyze the data were the mean and chi-square. Results revealed that greater height in any establishment can be achieved through staff training and retraining. Thus, it is recommended that accounting personnel training be emphasized so as to ensure proper utilization of skills.

Key Word: Personnel, Utilization, Retraining, Skills, Hypothesis.

                                            DEVELOPMENT OF MAINTENANCE CULTURE: A CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK

1. Engr. Okpanachi George Echiye2. Engr. Dr Spencer Onuh 3.  Engr. Ogakwu Paul Andrew

1, 2 Centre for Satellite Technology Development, National Space Research and Development Agency, Abuja. 3. Department of Mechanical Engineering, Federal Polytechnic, Idah. Kogi State

 Abstract

Maintenance culture has been recognised as an important aspect in increasing the quality of maintenance work. Despite being unique to each organisation, culture within organisations needs to solve and suite the ever changing market demands and trends. The cultivation of maintenance culture should commence with the change of mindsets and attitudes to promote continuous knowledge and skill enhancement, and performance improvement in maintenance activities. Cultural change needs to break indigenous moulds of poor perception, old patterns of now inappropriate behaviour, and out dated beliefs and values. Though studies pertaining to culture are abundant in business and manufacturing sectors, little effort has been put to study culture in the construction industry, particularly in maintenance. Maintenance work has not been studied much from the cultural perspective and former approaches have seldom taken into account the demands of the maintenance work in the entire organisation. Maintenance culture is important in elevating maintenance performance which would directly lead to enhanced facilities performance. It is an alternative for improving maintenance commitment and creating maintenance awareness among all parties in maintenance management. This paper discussed the conceptual framework for developing maintenance culture for all parties involved.

Keywords: Maintenance, Culture, Maintenance Culture

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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