Thursday, 12 March 2015 14:26
A COMPARATIVE EVALUATION OF THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCES OF PROSPECTIVE MEDICAL UNDERGRADUATES IN ENTRY EXAMINATIONS INTO A NIGERIAN UNIVERSITY
Department of Community Medicine, Kaduna State University, Nigeria
A comparative, cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out on candidates of Medicine in KASU for the year 2012. The list of successful UTME candidates (for Medicine in KASU) as released by JAMB was obtained from the Directorate of Academic Planning, KASU; while that for post-UTME was obtained from archival records of the university’s Post-UTME Committee. A total population study was conducted, with 653 candidates who had successfully scaled through the UTME in the year 2012; 530 (81.16%) of whom sat for the aptitude test ( internally-conducted examination) of the university. The success rate among the candidates in aptitude test (post-UTME) was only 12.83%; while the difference between the candidates’ performance in both examinations was found to be statistically-significant (p<0.05). This calls for a closer review, scrutiny and screening of the apparently “good grades” candidates applying for admission into institutions of higher learning parade or present.
Keywords: Medical undergraduates, aptitude test, Ethical issues.
Thursday, 12 March 2015 14:05
A COMPARATIVE EVALUATION ANALYSIS OF MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE PLANNING IN GREATER JOS, NIGERIA
1)Gwom Peter 2) Ijeoma G. U. Ayuba
1)School of the Built Environment
Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, United Kingdom
2)Department of Geography and Planning
Faculty of Environmental Science
University of Jos – Plateau State, Nigeria
Greater Jos like other fast urbanizing towns and cities in Nigeria are faced with a multitude of problems ranging from poor state of roads, insufficient water and electrical power supply, inadequate municipal solid waste management and other related ones. Among this multitude of problems municipal solid waste management appears to be the most prominent in recent years. Municipal solid waste is seen in huge heaps on any piece of unused land, around buildings and in the open market places. Living with solid waste littered around appears to be an acceptable way of life among the people in the municipality in recent years. The work reported in this paper involves a study of planning constraint to residential municipal solid waste management in Greater Jos municipality in Nigeria. A site-specific study was carried out to estimate the quantity of residential municipal solid waste generated in the municipality through waste management agency–Plateau Environmental Protection and Sanitation Agency (PEPSA). Structured questionnaires were applied to collect primary information such as size of households, educational level, and monthly income from households. The results obtained indicated that of poor education, poor income of residence, insufficient funding, institutional structure, social disposition and cultural norms are the major planning constraints to municipal solid waste management in the municipality in which solid waste is in crisis stage. Feasible suggestion for improved municipal solid waste management based on the prevailing planning, educational and socio-economic state of the institutions and residents in the municipality has been presented.
Keywords: Municipal solid waste, Quantity generated, Planning constraints, Greater Jos, Nigeria.
Thursday, 12 March 2015 14:03
INTER-PERSONAL SKILLS DEVELOPMENT IN GROUP DYNAMISM OF PROBLEM-BASED LEARNING CLASSROOM
Keziah, A. Achuonye and Eunice Victor-Ishikaku
Department of Curriculum Studies/Instructional Technology,
Ignatius Ajuru University of Education, Port Harcourt, Nigeria.
At the root of many psycho-social problems facing human race are the issues of value and attitude emanating from weak inter-personal interaction. The importance of strong inter-personal relationships in Nation building cannot be over-emphasized; they form the soft skills which are the basis of cooperation and collaboration direly needed for significant progress and success in workplaces and society at large. It is therefore, the focus of this paper to critically examine the development of inter-personal skills through group dynamism of Problem-Based Learning (PBL). Some elements of group dynamics which characterize PBL classroom include interdependence, group goal, group formation, group efficiency, groupthink, and effective group communication. This paper believes that psycho-social distances among people in workplaces, neighbourhood, and society at large can be curbed by injecting these functional soft skills into the society through PBL-saturated instructions. It advocates the use of PBL to trigger the development these soft skills in learners to enhance unity and progress.
Keywords: Group Dynamics, PBL, Group Process, Inter-Personal Skill
Thursday, 12 March 2015 14:00
WORKING IN A FAMILY BUSINESS: ITS CHALLENGES, PROSPECTS AND SUSTAINABILITY - A CRITICAL VIEW
1)Achugo Eusebius and 2)Gboyega D. Babalola
Department of Economics and Management Sciences
Afe Babalola University, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria
In these days of our nations’ economic strides to development at all fronts and the determinations towards reducing unemployment in our societies, we decided to take a critical look at the operations of family businesses – its challenges, prospects and sustainability that could help reduce unemployability to the development of the nation. The study took up a bibliographical research of some relevant family businesses around the globe. Our research reviewed challenges, prospects, sustainability, employment opportunities and came to a conclusion that family businesses have a great economic impact and relevance to the growth of most industrial societies and its economy. This study then reveals that working in family businesses is of great importance to individual and the economy particularly at this time when our leaders talk about the right employment strategies to adopt in order to stimulate the economy and encourage the youths to follow up or form family business to battle the rising unemployment and increase the nations gross national product.
Keywords: Enterprises, Sustainable, Corporate, Family Businesses
Thursday, 12 March 2015 13:35
ROAD TRAFFIC CRASH STATISTICS:A THREAT TO NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
Alfa, M.S.* Baba .G. A* And Ahmed M.**
Department of Mathematics/Statistics*and Academic
Federal Polytechnic, Bida
The paper discusses the Road Traffic Crash (RTC) Statistics in Nigeria by comparing three years road crashes, its causes and possible reduction which will assist the government to achieve its national development agenda. In the paper, percentages and statistical charts such as multiple bar charts are used to compare these crashes which involved fatal, serious and minor cases, the persons killed, injured and the total casualty. The result showed that the year 2008recorded the highest number of recorded cases of RTC and 2007 has the least number of casualty rates, the months of August, September and October being the months of the highest number ofcasualty.
Keyword: Road Traffic Crash, Multiple bar charts, Fatal, Casualty,Threat
Thursday, 12 March 2015 13:34
COMPLIANCE WITH DIET AND ACTIVITY REGIMEN AMONG PATIENTS LIVING WITH DIABETES MELLITUS.
*1Dathini H., 2Kever R.T., 3Habu H. 4Dawa K.K.. 5Lola N., 6Tumba M.
*1,2,3,4,5Department of Nursing Science, University of Maiduguri, Borno State.
6Dr Gwamna Awan Memorial Hospital, Kakuri
Compliance with therapeutic regimen has been a longstanding concern since decades ago. This study was carried out to assess diabetic patients’ knowledge on the importance of diet and exercise in the management of diabetes mellitus among patient attending university of Maiduguri teaching hospital, explore diabetic patients’ level of compliance with diet and exercise regimens, identify factors responsible for compliance with diet and exercise regimens among diabetic patients and to assess the relationship between diabetic and their patients prescribers in the university of Maiduguri teaching hospital. The study was conducted using descriptive design. Systematic random sampling technique was used to select 120 participants from diabetics’ clinic of University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital. Self structured questionnaire was used in collecting data for the study. Data collected were analyzed using simple frequency and percentages and were presented on tables. Two hypotheses were formulated to determine the relationship between gender and compliance to physical activity; duration of illness and knowledge of respondent on dietary regimen using chi square at 5% level of significant. Findings of the study revealed that (61.7%) of the participants have good knowledge about the importance of diet and exercise in management of diabetes, despite good knowledge; participant only partly complied with their regimen. The finding also revealed that, major factors found to influence their compliance include cost of diabetic diet (93.3%) and waiting time in the clinic (88.3%). Result from the hypotheses tested revealed that there was no significant association between gender and compliance to physical activity; duration of illness and knowledge of respondent on dietary regimen .The study then concludes that despite good knowledge, compliance with diet and exercise regimen is still not adequate among diabetic patients. Health care providers should therefore embark on an intensive health education on the importance of compliance.
Key Words: Diabetes, Diet, Activity, Regimen.
Thursday, 12 March 2015 13:19
ACUTE TOXICITY AND EFFECTS OF METHALONIC EXTRACT OF MORINGA OLEIFERA YOUNG PODS ONSOME HAEMATOLOGICAL PARAMETERS IN RATS
YAHI, D1., OKUNRINTEMI, S. O1.,*OJO , N. A1., SAMBO, N2.,MADZIGA, H. A1., MBAYA, Y.P1., NNENNAYA, C. C.4AND BALOGUN, S.T3.
1Department of Veterinary Physiology, Pharmacology and Biochemistry
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria
2 Department of Human Physiology, College of Medical Sciences, University of Maiduguri,
Borno State, Nigeria
3Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, College of Medical Sciences,
University of Maiduguri,Borno State, Nigeria
4Department of Pharmaceutical and Medicinal Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Port
Harcourt. River State, Nigeria
Methanolic extract of Moringa oleifera pods was investigated for acute toxicity and effects on some haematological parameters in albino rats. Procedures as described by Lorke was used to evaluate the acute toxicity of the methanolic extract of Moringa oleifera young pods in twelve adult rats.Twenty adult rats of both sexes randomly divided into four groups A, B, C and D of five rats each were used for the haematological study. Group A served as control and the rats were giving distilled water while groups B, C and D were given the extract orally at a dose of 200 mg/kg, 400 mg/kg, 800 mg/kg respectively for three consecutive weeks and the blood samples were taken for determination of haematological parameters using standard methods as described by Coles. The extract was subjected to phytochemical and elemental screenings using standard methods. The phytochemical analysis of the extract showed the presence of tannins, flavonoids, carbohydrate, alkaloids, saponins and cardiac glycosides. The elemental analysis in Part Per Million (PPM) concentration showed 5.0 for calcium, 0.41 for potassium, 0.34 for copper, 0.31 for iron, 0.26 for fluorine, 0.12 for manganese, 0.16 for zinc, and 0.19 for nickel. The acute toxicity studies showed that the extract at 5000mg/kg did not produce death in the treated rats, indicating that the extract was well tolerated. Prolonged administration of the extract produced significant increase (P<0.05) in Red Blood Cells (RBC) and packed cell volume (PCV) values, and also significantly (P<0.05) increased production of white blood cells (WBC) throughout the three weeks of administration. In conclusion, the extract was found to have a wide safety margin and elevated haematological parameters in treated rats; hence could be used in the treatment of anaemia and immune deficiency.
Key Words: Acute Toxicity, Methanolicextract, Moringaoleifera, Young Pods, Haematologicalparameters, Rats
Thursday, 12 March 2015 13:16
THE IMPACT OF AFFECTIVE TEACHING/LEARNING EXPERIENCES ON TRAINEE TEACHERS’ COMMITMENT TO WORK
(1) Chris. Agwu and (2)Wonu, Nduka
Department of Curriculum Studies and Educational Technology,
Faculty of Education, University of Port Harcourt,
Department of Mathematics/Statistics
Faculty of Natural and Applied Sciences, Ignatius Ajuru University of Education,
Port Harcourt, Nigeria.
Educational objectives categorized into the cognitive, affective and psychomotor domains, have been accepted by the educational enterprise as a guide in the preparation of the “total man” for task performance. Though the Nigerian educational sector also has its share of the decadence, education still remains the instrumentality for societal change. But while the authorities in the educational sector can justify the component of worthiness in learning; the claim to “worthy in character” is somewhat doubtful. This study therefore compared the attitudinal work commitment ratings of teaching profession which is supposed to nurture and equip the young ones with appropriate attitudes for effective civil life and capabilities for task performance in the society. The work commitment ratings of the students were obtained through a 5 points Likert - scaled questionnaire. The ratings were collated and separated into the control and experimental groups. We had a total of 62 students in the control group while the experimental group numbered 23 students. The experimental group was the “Art of teaching” class of students assigned to the researcher. The control group comprised all the students that also took the Art of Teaching course and were posted to the same schools as the students in the experimental group for the teaching practice exercise, but did not receive affective learning experiences explicitly. The assessments were made daily for three weeks of the training programme and a total work commitment score was obtained for each trainee teacher within the range 21-105 points. Social sciences (SPSS) statistical method was used to analyze the data. Results indicated that measurable teaching of affective components of learning matter equips the trainee teachers with appropriate socio-psychological skills for effective task performance. It was also revealed that gender has no impact on the affective task performance rating of the trainee teacher. It is recommended that the affective factors of learning matter should be taught measurably alongside cognitive and psychomotor contents.
Keywords: Cognitive, Psychomotor, Domains, Socio-Psychological, Workplace, Commitment, ergonomic
Thursday, 12 March 2015 13:14
VOCATIONAL AND TECHNICAL EDUCATION AS A SPRINGBOARD TO NIGERIA’S DEVELOPMENTAL NEEDS
Sharafadeen Iyanda Ganiyu
Business Education Department,
School of Vocational Education,
Federal College of Education Yola, Adamawa State.
Vocational and Technical Education is the type of education that aimed to provide skilled manpower in applied sciences, engineering technology, commerce and agriculture to operate, maintain and sustain the nation’s education and economic activities for rapid socio-economic development. Although, the National Policy on Education (NPE) placed great emphasis on Vocational and Technical Education (VTE) and entrenched it in the nation’s education system in view of its role in technical and industrial development of the country, yet only a little is achieved in this vital aspect of education. It is in the light of this that this paper examines the relevance of VTE to Nigerian education development, the prospects and problems of VTE in Nigeria as well as viable suggestions towards the development of VTE to solve developmental crises in Nigeria and achieve overall national development.
Key words: Vocational, Technical Education and Developmental Needs
Thursday, 12 March 2015 13:12
VOCATIONAL EDUCATION STUDENTS’ PERCEPTION OF THE RELEVANCE OF PHYSICS IN VOCATIONAL EDUCATION
1Akpan, E. S., 2Ikpe S. A., 3Oton, M. A. and 4Umoren, F. A.
1Department Of Physics, 2Department Of Technical Education,
3Home Economics Department, 1,2,3 College Of Education, Afaha Nsit, Akwa Ibom State
4 Department of Physics, Federal College of Education (Technical), Bichi, Kano.
Physics is usually perceived to be difficult because of its abstract nature. Many students would be glad to drop the subject at the earliest possible time. When students however discover they have to study Physics as one of the courses at the tertiary level, they are faced with a challenging task. This task may be perceived in several ways. Their perception can influence their attitude towards Physics thereby affecting their ability to apply the knowledge of the subject in their fields of endeavour. A structured questionnaire ‘Vocational Education Students Perception of Physics Questionnaire (VESPPQ)’ was used to obtained data from Vocational Education Students for two consecutive years (2011 & 2012) in the Departments of Technical Education, Agricultural Education and Home Economics Education of Federal College of Education (Technical) Bichi and College of Education, Afaha Nsit in Nigeria. The population of the study consisted of 1060 students of Schools of Vocational and Technical Education of the Colleges with 400 selected by stratified random sampling to form the sample. The Analysis of Variance was used for hypotheses one and two while the chi square analysis was used for hypothesis three. The study revealed that course of study influenced significantly the perception of Vocational Education of the relevance of Physics to their course areas; and that year of study and course of study do not jointly influence vocational education students’ perception of the relevance of Physics in their curriculum. The study recommends that the relevance of Physics in the different Vocational courses should form part of Physics curriculum for those courses and that application of Physics to certain aspects of Agriculture, Home Economics and Technical Education should be part of the examination questions so that their understanding of the relevance of Physics to Vocational Education can be boosted.
Key Words: ‘Vocational Education, Perception, Acquisition, Relevance of Physics, Attitude.