Effect of Inter- and Intra-Row Spacings of Pearl Millet (Pennisetum glaucum (l.) R. Br.) on Panicle weight in Kano State, Nigeria

*1.Gaya, A. G., Gurama, A. U.2 and Fagam, A. S.2

 1.Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture and Agricultural Technology, Kano

University of Science and Technology,Wudil, Kano State, Nigeria

2 Crop Production Programme, School of Agriculture and Agricultural Technology,

3 Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi, Nigeria

Abstract

Field trials were  carried out at  the Teaching and Research farm of  Kano University of Science of Technology, Wudil with two pearl millet varieties in 2003, 2004and 2005 rain seasons to investigate the effect of inter- and intra-row spacings of pearl millet infected with downy  mildew on panicle  weight  in Kano State,  Nigeria. The experimental  materials consist of factorial combinations of  two  varieties (SOSAT  C88 and Zango), three  inter-row  spacings (50, 75 and 100cm)  and four intra-row  spacings (15, 30, 45 and 60cm). The treatments were laid out in randomized complete block design with three  replications. Data collected on panicle  weight were  subjected  to analysis ofvariance  and Duncan’s Multiple  Range  Test (DMRT)  was used for the  separation of means at 1% and 5%  levels of significance.  Result  shows that  SOSAT  C88 had significantly (P≤0.05 and P≤0.01) produced the heaviest panicle as compared to Zango which had the lightest in 2003 and 2005. Planting pearl millet at 75cm inter- row spacing significantly  (P≤0.01)  resulted in having heaviest  panicles than using  other inter-row spacings. Using 30 and 60cm intra-row spacings produced the heaviest panicles, while15 and 45cm resulted in getting light panicle heads. Heaviest panicles were significantly (P≤0.01)  obtained when  pearl millet varieties were  inter-  x  intra-row  spaced at 75 x 30cm and 75 x  60cm   combinations respectively  than those spaced out using  other spacing combinations where  lighter panicle  heads were  obtained.  It is however, recommended to grow pearl millet using wider inter- and intra-row spacings for heaviest panicle heads.

Key words: Downy mildew, inter-row, intra-row, panicle weight, pearl millet 

                                

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Last modified on Tuesday, 21 January 2014 13:32

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