STAFF TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENTAL NEEDS OF ACCOUNTING PERSONNEL IN AN ESTABLISHMENT
1) Sarabi Joe Jerry 2) Grace Emmanuel
1) Department of Accounting, Intercontinental University (ICU), Porto-Novo, West Africa
2) Department of Accounts, University of Calabar, Teaching Hospital, Cross Rivers State, Nigeria, West Africa
Training concerned with the performance and the application of skills and knowledge. It is a primary instrument for sustaining and improving the capacities of employees to contribute to organizational growth. The issue of the staff training and developmental needs has actually been given little or no attention, thought and consideration by both practitioners and theorists. This paper aimed to bring to focus why methods of teaching in institutions of learning should be geared toward accounting practices in firm orthe needs for training or retraining of accounting personnel staff. This is because accounting methods thought in schools may not be the practices in firms and establishments. A total of 50 questionnaires containing 24 research questions were made; 25 each were distributed to accounting personnel in the Intercontinental University Porto-Novo and University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, all in West Africa. Eighty percent (40) of the questionnaires were returned and correctly filled. Statistical methods used to analyze the data were the mean and chi-square. Results revealed that greater height in any establishment can be achieved through staff training and retraining. Thus, it is recommended that accounting personnel training be emphasized so as to ensure proper utilization of skills.
Key Word: Personnel, Utilization, Retraining, Skills, Hypothesis.
G. S. Effiong* and D. J. Udoh
Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture
University of Uyo, Bag10l7, Uyo, Nigeria
Abstract: This study was conducted to characterize some inland depression soils in Southeastern Nigeria and recommend management option for sustainable crop production.Eight profile pits were sited at Ekpene Ukpa (Ek1), Nung Obong (NO3 and NO4), Ikot Obong (KS2), Ibiaku Ikot Obong (TU16), Ikot Eto (ND15), Awa Ntong (AU17) and Ikot Okobo (AU18) depressions. Results showed that soil texture ranged from sand through sandy loam to sandy clay loam. Soil reaction varied from very strongly to moderately acid (3.0 - 6.0) with pH value averaged 5.0 ± 0.4. Organic matter content was high in the surface soils (23.22 - 51.43gkg-1) while total N level was low (0.1 – 1.3gkg-1). Available P (4.26 - 253mgkg-1) ranged from low to very high. Cation exchange capacity (CEC) was low while percentage base saturation ranged from moderate to high (33 - 83%). The main constraints to sustainable crop production in these soils are low chemical fertility (moderate to high exchange acidity, low CEC, total N level, high percent Al saturation, 20 - 98%) and rapid weed growth. Slash and mulch system along with crop residues return and application of green leaf manures to the soil could affect several restorative processes in addition to suppressing weed growth. Mineral fertilizers, if available could have the desired effect on the soil by increasing biomass production for use as residue mulch and yield of crops.
Keywords: Inland wetlands, characteristics, soil management, crop production.
*1.Gaya, A. G., Gurama, A. U.2 and Fagam, A. S.2
1.Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture and Agricultural Technology, Kano
University of Science and Technology,Wudil, Kano State, Nigeria
2 Crop Production Programme, School of Agriculture and Agricultural Technology,
3 Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi, Nigeria
Field trials were carried out at the Teaching and Research farm of Kano University of Science of Technology, Wudil with two pearl millet varieties in 2003, 2004and 2005 rain seasons to investigate the effect of inter- and intra-row spacings of pearl millet infected with downy mildew on panicle weight in Kano State, Nigeria. The experimental materials consist of factorial combinations of two varieties (SOSAT C88 and Zango), three inter-row spacings (50, 75 and 100cm) and four intra-row spacings (15, 30, 45 and 60cm). The treatments were laid out in randomized complete block design with three replications. Data collected on panicle weight were subjected to analysis ofvariance and Duncan’s Multiple Range Test (DMRT) was used for the separation of means at 1% and 5% levels of significance. Result shows that SOSAT C88 had significantly (P≤0.05 and P≤0.01) produced the heaviest panicle as compared to Zango which had the lightest in 2003 and 2005. Planting pearl millet at 75cm inter- row spacing significantly (P≤0.01) resulted in having heaviest panicles than using other inter-row spacings. Using 30 and 60cm intra-row spacings produced the heaviest panicles, while15 and 45cm resulted in getting light panicle heads. Heaviest panicles were significantly (P≤0.01) obtained when pearl millet varieties were inter- x intra-row spaced at 75 x 30cm and 75 x 60cm combinations respectively than those spaced out using other spacing combinations where lighter panicle heads were obtained. It is however, recommended to grow pearl millet using wider inter- and intra-row spacings for heaviest panicle heads.
Key words: Downy mildew, inter-row, intra-row, panicle weight, pearl millet
(1)Voke Mgbonyebi Charles(2)Venerable F.C.A Emeni
(1)Dept of Political Science ( 2) Dept of History
College of Education, Agbor
This paper highlights the essence of good governance in government and the entrenchment of democracy in the Fourth Republic. A corollary of good governance is transparency in elections and choosing of representatives in the democratic system. The paper examines the electoral system in Nigeria’s Fourth Republic vis-a-vis the practice of democracy and proposes that for national development purposes, good governance and transparency are essential ingredients forentrenchment of democracy in Nigeria.
Key words: Good Governance, Transparency, Development, Fourth Republic.
Antiabong O. Ekong, Aniefiok S. Akpan and Ngozi G. Ubah
Department of Vocational Education
University of Uyo
P. M. B. 1017, Uyo
Akwa Ibom State- Nigeria
This study assessed the influence reward system on attrition tendencyof Agriculture teachers in Akwa Ibom State. Two research questions and two hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. The entire population of 316 serving Agriculture teachers were purposively used for the study. A two sectioned–11-items structured questionnaire was developed and used for data collection. Data were analyzed using mean for the research questions and t-test for testing the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The findings revealed that job security ensure stability of agriculture teachers in the teaching profession while regular payment of salary promotes collaborative self-help and interest in the management of scare resources among Agriculture teachers. The result of hypothesis testing showed a significant difference in the mean responses of male and female Agriculture teachers on the influence of job security on attrition tendency. The result of hypothesis two showed no significant difference in the responses of NCE holders and graduates Agriculture teachers on the influence of regular payment of salary on their attrition tendency. It was recommended that the reward system for teachers should be improved to attract qualified and competent individuals to the system and teachers’ job security should not be threatened through incessant queries by principals and supervisors of schools.
DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS EDUCATION FEDERAL COLLEGE OF
EDUCATION, YOLA ADAMAWA STATE.
This paper focuses on the role of business Education towards national security. Business education is a domain that educate and train individual to acquire skills, attitudes and knowledge to become self reliant. If well taught in our schools the tendency of violent, youth unemployment and unrest, poverty and thuggery will be a thing of the past. Thus leading to peaceful society. With National Policy on Education empowering on these roles, Business education has the capacity to delivered Nigeria into a committee of developed nations in the nearest future.
Key word: Business Education, National Security.
1John A. U. Uka(2) Vincent E. Onweh (3) Peter J. Udoessiet
Department of Technical Education,
Rivers State University of Education
Rumuolumeni, Port Harcourt, Rivers State.
(2,3) Department of Vocational Education
University of Uyo, Uyo, Akwa Ibom State.
The curriculum is the prime mover to achieve students’ skills acquisition. It is always in tandem with the dynamics and societal changes. Skills acquisition of employable skills for self-reliance have received increasing attention in the recent past in Nigerian Educational Policy. An important ingredient for success in the on-going efforts by the government at alleviating poverty, minimizing corruption, attaining food security, achieving uninterrupted electric power supply, reducing unemployment of youths and keeping pace with the dynamics of societal changes and emerging technologies, is the effective delivery of qualitative technical and vocational education courses. This paper highlights constructivism in instructional delivery as what most present-day technical teachers should adopt: a framework in which the role of the teacher becomes that of a facilitator. The paper posits the need to strengthen the vocational education curriculum, adequately supply of instructional materials and the motivate the teacher who is at the centre stage of all the activities in skills acquisition. Some recommendations to government were also made.
Keywords: Dynamics, Societal, Changes, Curriculum, Vocational skills Acquisition
Bakare Waheed Ademola and Babajo Hapsatu
Department of Agricultural Education
School of vocation education
Federal College of Education, Yola
This paper identified sustainable Agricultural Education as a key to National Security, by looking at roles of agricultural education which include preparing graduates with right professional competence in vocational skills, producing teachers who will be capable of motivating students to acquire interest in agriculture, equipping the students teachers with adequate knowledge and ability to establish and manage a model school farm effectively and providing a sound background to enhance further academic and professional progression of the students-teachers. All these are aimed at providing enabling ground in eradicating ignorance, poverty and sustainable food security for the country. Recommendations are made on how to achieve this laudable agriculture for selfreliance, so that Nigeria will soon be among the committee of developed Nations with peaceful society.
Keywords; Sustainable, Security, Agriculture, Vocational, Global, Reliant, Egalitarian,Harmony
Mohammed K. Aisha and Yahaya Abdulrasheed
Department of Early Childhood Care and Education
Federal College of Education, Yola
One must recognize that any thing worth doing must be done effectively and efficiently, caregiver’s competency in the utilization of ECCE curriculum was the topic designed for this research with the purpose of assessing the level of effective and efficient utilization of the curriculum design for pre-school children. Three research questions were objectively tested; sample respondents for the study were randomly selected among teachers of preschool in Adamawa state. Survey study was conducted using three instrumental methods for data collection. Average weighted response (TAWR) was the statistical technique employed to analyze data. Findings indicated vividly that the process of curriculum design must base its objectives on the teacher interest, pupils’ interest, as well as individual cultural orientation peculiarities in harmonization with the national ambition. Findings also indicated there has been improvement on the recognition and awareness of ECCE curriculum which was identified as set back in the implementation process by previous researches. With this, two research questions tested were accepted and one was rejection accordingly. Conclusion and recommendations were also drawn stating implications of the study respectively
Key words: Competency, Utilization, Curriculum, Early Childhood, Development, Caregivers